Volume 44, Number 175,
October-December 2013
The Emerging Phenomenon
of Unemployed Agricultural Day Laborers
Antonieta Barrón

When comparing urban and rural income distribution, the differences in concentration are rather marked.

While 23.5% of homes in urban areas account for 54% of income, which are very high levels of income concentration, in rural areas, 7.2% of households account for 29% of income. In other words, proportionally, in rural areas income concentration is greater, despite the fact that the percentage of poor is similar in rural and urban zones.

Far from changing, this trend has remained the same since the beginning of the 1990s, and has actually worsened. In 1992, in rural areas, the two poorest deciles accounted for 15.8% of income, while the two wealthiest accounted for 24%. In 2010, the two poorest deciles made up for 16.3% of income while the two wealthiest accounted for 28.9%.

Because information from the enigh as to the income of the rural working population cannot be extracted because it is recorded by household, the working population of the agricultural sector is used to analyze income distribution, with the assumption that the main activity among the rural population is agriculture. This distribution shows evidence of strong inequalities.

There is a relationship between working in a precarious sector and receiving a low income, as these types of jobs tend to be concentrated in agriculture and in rural areas. As can be seen in Table 4, 36.7% of the working population receives up to two minimum wages on the national level,5 while this proportion reaches 70.9% for those in the agricultural and livestock sectors. The proportion of those not receiving income is 8.33% on the national level, but it jumps to 40.8% in the agricultural and livestock sector.

5 These percentages do not include unsalaried workers as this would alter the results. The total working population was used to calculate the percentage of unsalaried workers.

Published in Mexico, 2012-2017 © D.R. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).
PROBLEMAS DEL DESARROLLO. REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE ECONOMÍA, Volume 49, Number 193, April-June 2018 is a quarterly publication by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México, D.F. by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Circuito Mario de la Cueva, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán,
CP 04510, México, D.F. Tel (52 55) 56 23 01 05 and (52 55) 56 24 23 39, fax (52 55) 56 23 00 97, www.probdes.iiec.unam.mx, revprode@unam.mx. Journal Editor: Moritz Cruz. Reservation of rights to exclusive use of the title: 04-2012-070613560300-203, ISSN: pending. Person responsible for the latest update of this issue: Minerva García, Circuito Maestro Mario de la Cueva s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México D.F., latest update: June 27th, 2018.
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The online journal Problemas del Desarrollo. Revista Latinoamericana de Economía corresponds to the printed edition of the same title with ISSN 0301-7036