Volume 44, Number 174,
July-September 2013
Manufacturing Entrepreneurship
and Development in the Mexican States
Martín Ramírez Urquidy, Manuel Bernal and Roberto Fuentes
Data on Business Structure, Entrepreneurial Capacity
and Economic Development in the Mexican States ( ...continuation )

Figure 3 demonstrates the relationship between entrepreneurial capacity as measured by the ice and development levels measured by the ic in 2008. There is a positive relationship between these factors, which shows the importance of entrepreneurial capacity, manufacturing, talent, the formation of fixed capital and the products of research and development in achieving economic development.

Figure 3. Entrepreneurial Capacity Index and Level of Development as Measured
by the ic 2008.

Source: Prepared using imco 2008 data.

The share of the manufacturing sector in state gdp for the years 2003 and 2008 is shown in Table 2, which also includes the percentage change from one year to another. In 2003, the states with an above-average share of the manufacturing sector (18.8%) included Coahuila, Tlaxcala, Hidalgo, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Puebla, Morelos, State of Mexico, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Jalisco, Durango and Baja California. The states with a below-average share of the manufacturing sector were Sonora, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Tamaulipas, Michoacán, Zacatecas, Colima, Sinaloa, Chiapas, Nayarit, Guerrero, Baja California Sur and Quintana Roo. In 2008, practically all of the states remained in the same groups, except Sonora, whose share of the manufacturing sector rose above the average.

In general, the average participation of the manufacturing sector fell from 19.8% to 18.8% in 2008, as a result of the decreased weight of the sector in 22 of the 29 cases analyzed. This implies an average decrease per state of 2.5%. States that saw significant drops include Baja California Sur, Nayarit, Quintana Roo, Morelos, Yucatán, Chiapas, Tlaxcala, Guerrero and Querétaro. The states where the share of manufacturing increased include Chihuahua, Puebla, Baja California, Colima, Aguascalientes, Zacatecas and Sonora, with the greatest jump.

Published in Mexico, 2012-2017 © D.R. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).
PROBLEMAS DEL DESARROLLO. REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE ECONOMÍA, Volume 49, Number 193, April-June 2018 is a quarterly publication by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México, D.F. by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Circuito Mario de la Cueva, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán,
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