Volume 44, Number 174,
July-September 2013
Manufacturing Entrepreneurship
and Development in the Mexican States
Martín Ramírez Urquidy, Manuel Bernal and Roberto Fuentes
Data on Business Structure, Entrepreneurial Capacity
and Economic Development in the Mexican States ( ...continuation )

In general, in 2008, Figure 1 reveals that in micro-enterprises (0-10), and especially those with 0-2 employees, the relationship between gdppc and the share of this section is negative, while for the higher levels of 3-10 and more than 10 employees, it is positive. The figure shows specific situations, which is why trend lines are used on the figures. For microenterprises — or those with 0-10 employees — Colima, Baja California Sur and Quintana Roo are outliers, in the sense that they have a higher proportion of micro-enterprises than the trend line would suggest, which is also reflected in a very low percentage of enterprises with over 10 employees. These cases contrast with Baja California and Nuevo León, among the top three most developed and industrialized states in the nation, with a low proportion of micro-enterprises and a high share of companies with over 10 employees with respect to the trend line. In the category of 0-2 employees, which may be considered self-employment and enterprises due to need, Oaxaca, Puebla, Yucatán, Querétaro, Tamaulipas, Quintana Roo and Guerrero stand out, with a proportion significantly above what the trend line would suggest. In the range of micro-enterprises with 3-10 employees, Oaxaca and Yucatán stand out in both time periods for having a greater proportion with respect to the trend line.


Figure 1. Manufacturing Enterprises with 0-2, 3-10, 0-10 and More than 10 Employees
by State and Level of Development as Measured by the gdppc in 2008.

Source: Figure prepared using data from the inegi 2009 economic census.


These major differences with respect to the trend line may be due to the varied weights of the manufacturing, commercial and services sectors in these states, and differences in terms of entrepreneurial capacity as measured by the ice. Sectoral and capacity differences translate into diverse optimal scales, and as a result, different distributions of size of enterprise in the states.

Figure 2 provides a similar analytical dimension, but orders the states from lowest to highest development based on the ic. Just as in the above analysis, there is a negative relationship between level of development and the share of micro-enterprises (0-10), and especially, the range of 0-2 employees. For levels with 3-10 and more than 10, the figure is positive. The graphic also demonstrates specific situations. Of note: for micro-enterprises with 0-10 employees, most of the states are in keeping with the trend, while Chihuahua and Nuevo León are far from the regression line. For enterprises of 0-2 employees, Tlaxcala and San Luis Potosí are significantly above the trend line, with relatively high levels of entrepreneurship in this category (and lower levels in the 3-10 employee group), with respect to their development levels.



Figure 2. Manufacturing Enterprises with 0-2, 3-10, 0-10 and More than 10 Employees
by State and Level of Development as Measured by the ic in 2008.

Source: Figure prepared using data from the inegi 2009 economic census and the imco 2008.

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PROBLEMAS DEL DESARROLLO. REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE ECONOMÍA, Volume 49, Number 194 July-September 2018 is a quarterly publication by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México, D.F. by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Circuito Mario de la Cueva, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán,
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