Volume 44, Number 173,
April-June 2013
Common Agricultural and Cohesion Policy
in the Europe 2020 Strategy
Antonio González Temprano

Due to the redistributional nature of cohesion policy, these payments are concentrated in the fourteen less favored economies or cohesion countries: in 2009, they received 57% of these resources in 2009, although the population of these nations only represented 25.1% of the eu27. The redistributional nature of these payments is particularly clear in countries whose territories are entirely convergent: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. Except for Bulgaria and Romania, countries where all of the integration mechanisms have not yet entered into force, the other five countries received 26.1% of the payments for cohesion policies in 2009, although their population only represented 10.2% of the eu27. On the flipside of the coin are countries such as Spain, Greece and Portugal. They received 26.1% of these payments in 2009, while their population represented 13.6% of the eu27. However, their per capita income is higher than the former five economies.

Cohesion policy payments as a percentage of gdp are more relevant in the less favored countries than in wealthier nations. In 2009, this figure was between 1 and 2%, although some members, such as Estonia and Lithuania, saw this figure above 3%.

Taking into account the questions that may arise as a result of various sections of the 2007-2013 Financial Framework cohesion policy, such as the distribution of resources, dilution over an endless number of objectives, low efficiency and the fact that national and regional interests often take precedence over community interests, which are addressed in the eu Budget Review [com (2010)] 700, from October 19, 2010], it is difficult to refute the idea that this policy has been a driver of change over the past ten years, especially in less favored countries and regions.

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PROBLEMAS DEL DESARROLLO. REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE ECONOMÍA, Volume 49, Number 194 July-September 2018 is a quarterly publication by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México, D.F. by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Circuito Mario de la Cueva, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán,
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