Volume 44, Number 173,
April-June 2013
Common Agricultural and Cohesion Policy
in the Europe 2020 Strategy
Antonio González Temprano
THE WEAKENING OF CONVERGENCE POLICY ( ...continuation )

In keeping with the above regarding cohesion policy, it could be said that during the first half of the 2007-2013 Financial Framework, the harmonization role of the cf was strengthened, while the role of sf was reduced, as compared to the eu15 time period. Because the majority of cohesion policy resources are sf, it can be concluded that throughout these years the policy was weakened overall. The relative contraction of sf, however, was less universal. The most affected regions were those incorporated into the union in 2004 and 2007, while those belonging to the old eu15 maintained figures similar to the previous cycle.

Consequently, the decision of the eu15 to open its doors to Eastern Europe was not accompanied by the financial force they had guaranteed would be available to the new convergence regions, or at the very least, the same financial resources placed in the eu15. This led to two very different scenarios in terms of the payments that eu27 members receive for cohesion policy. The first is made up of the twelve advanced economies, while the second is composed of the fourteen less favored economies or cohesion countries. Spain is in the middle, as it is undergoing a transition both with regards to the receipt of eu payments and its relation to sf (Table 4).

In the twelve most prosperous countries, funds for cohesion policies are a minority both in terms of harmonization policies as well as the total amount of resources received from the eu. This is even true in Germany, despite the fact that this country is one of the top three nations receiving this type of payment (the other two are Poland and Spain) and it has convergence regions. These payments represent a very small percentage of GDP, and scarcely contribute to economic growth in these nations. In 2009, the percentage did not surpass 0.1%, except in Italy, where it reached 0.2%. In Spain, it was 0.4%.

In the fourteen less favored countries, cohesion policy payments make up the majority of harmonization policies, as well as the total amount of resources received from the eu, despite the fact that their agricultural sector is significantly more relevant than in wealthier countries. As a result, the harmonization policies in these fourteen countries are based more on territory rather than on sector, which is the opposite of the situation in more developed countries.





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PROBLEMAS DEL DESARROLLO. REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE ECONOMÍA, Volume 49, Number 194 July-September 2018 is a quarterly publication by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México, D.F. by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Circuito Mario de la Cueva, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán,
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