Volume 44, Number 173,
April-June 2013
Common Agricultural and Cohesion Policy
in the Europe 2020 Strategy
Antonio González Temprano

Another aspect of the budgetary structure of cohesion policy in the first half of the 2007-2013 Financial Framework is that the majority of sf are destined towards the Convergence Objective . Its continued growth, both in the 2007-2013 Financial Framework as well as in the annual budgets for fiscal periods 2007 to 2010, point to the fact that this Objective represented 77.2% of total sf in the last fiscal period. The following is also important for the territorial Convergence Objective of cohesion policy: if we measure resources in terms of the beneficiary population, there is a contraction among eu27 countries as compared to the eu15.

Comparing sf by beneficiary population in the convergence regions of the eu15 in 2003 and the eu27 in 20097 at constant prices from 2004, there is a clear decrease (Table 3). In 2003, sf by beneficiary population rose to 197.1 euros per capita in these regions, while in 2009 it was 157.3 euros. This drop is even more disconcerting when taking into account two other facts. The first is that the majority of the beneficiary population in 2009 had a per capita income level much lower than it was in 2003, as it mainly corresponded to members that joined in 2004 and 2007. The second fact is no less concerning: in 2009, sf by beneficiary population rose to 194.4 euros per capita in the regions of the old eu15 and 143.0 euros in the region made up of the twelve new members, despite the fact that the latter had a per capita income level significantly lower than the former. As pointed out in other works (González Temprano, 2012), sf by beneficiary population in the eu27 do not always correspond to the income levels of the receiving regions, which is surprising, if we consider that one of the priority objectives for these funds is to contribute to a more regionally harmonious Europe.

As described in the Sapir Report, the fact that convergence regions in very developed countries, such as Germany, France, Italy and the United Kingdom, benefit from these sf is quite controversial. However, it is even more outrageous that regions in wealthy countries receive more resources than regions with lower income and less favored countries. While true that it is more difficult for some member States, especially lagging nations, to co-finance projects or absorb large volumes of funds, this does not justify the distribution of resources for the convergence of the 2007-2013 Financial Framework.

7 In the 2007-2013 Financial Framework, convergence regions are understood as those where per capita income in ppp was below 75% of the community average for the time period 2000-2002.

Published in Mexico, 2012-2017 © D.R. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).
PROBLEMAS DEL DESARROLLO. REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE ECONOMÍA, Volume 49, Number 192, January-March is a quarterly publication by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México, D.F. by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Circuito Mario de la Cueva, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán,
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