Volume 43, Number 171,
October-December 2012
Russia: Strengths and Weaknesses
Arturo Bonilla
FINAL BALANCE ( ...continuation )

Likewise, because Russian territory is larger than any other powerful country, it has an enormous base from which to obtain material resources on a large scale.

Despite the setbacks that Russia suffered in the field of scientific research, it has begun to take up the reigns to advance in global competition in this area, for both civil and military purposes. This is one of the pillars it relies upon to maintain its status as a world power.

However, there are cloudy skies ahead for Russia in some areas: the country’s leaders feel that they have strong internal support and want Russia to have greater influence on the course of global affairs, which may imply that governments of other powers see these international actions as dangerous. This may foster conditions for probable confrontation, which would not be beneficial for any of the contenders, due to Russia’s enormous military power and massive annihilation capacity. There could be a situation in which prudence and mutual respect do not win out as they should. In October 1962, as will be recalled, the most serious confrontation between the two most powerful nuclear powers on the planet occurred: usa and the ussr, related to the installment of Soviet missiles in Cuba.

The other problem that Russia faces is the capitalist crisis that began in the United States in mid-2007. The enormous military power of Russia, the usa or any other nuclear power is useless in the face of the large number of complications and conflicts derived from instability, anarchy, competition and, for example, the risks of uncontrolled inflation, volatile exchange rates, poor management and sometimes involuntary fluctuations in interest rates, growing fiscal deficits of both nations and especially the unstoppable process of speculation growth, which is well above the meager growth of the global product. To summarize, military and nuclear power is useless in the face of the currently deepening and prolonged crisis, which could also have dangerous political consequences for world peace.

Because Russia is completely inserted into the global capitalist system, it cannot avoid the negative consequences of this incorporation. In the same vein and by way of conclusion, remember that when Stalin launched the first Five-Year Plan for the Soviet Union in 1928, spectacular growth followed, while the large capitalist powers were in the midst of debating as victims of the Great Depression of 1929-1933.

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Published in Mexico, 2012-2017 © D.R. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).
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