Volume 43, Number 171,
October-December 2012
Maquiladora Factories and Household
Income in Yucatan
Javier Becerril, Rafael Ortiz and Lilian Albornoz
The Socioeconomic Structure of chah Households ( ...continuation )

Finally, Table 6 shows the characteristics of homes where the individuals that reported working in a maquiladora factory live. There is a significant difference in the subset of Seguro Popular, and this may suggest that individuals employed in any other type of job do not receive social benefits or a specific labor contract. There is a statistically significant difference in the 20% of homes that receive the subsidy and do not work for a maquiladora factory. Regarding formal credit access to a banking institution or popular savings bank established in the territory, 30% of homes with members employed in the maquiladora sector reported having some type of formal credit. This statistically significant difference may suggest some type of security to contract credit, as in many cases, the credit companies request economic solvency or proof of payroll to grant credit. Having a salaried job undoubtedly reduces vulnerability, in some sense providing stability of well-being and the possibility to have a credit line to cover future events or the usual purchase of home items in installments.

Finally, there is another relevant difference between households with members employed in the maquiladora industry and those without, regarding cooking with gas, although the difference is not statistically significant, or greater than 10%. In rural Mexico, using gas to cook reduces vulnerability for the inside of the house and contributes to its inhabitants’ well-being and health, freeing up more time for other domestic chores. It is proven that collecting firewood and cooking with biomass is a demand on time and increases the number of chronic respiratory illnesses, among other environmental impacts. Empirical evidence demonstrates that cooking with gas implies a higher level of well-being than with its energy substitute: firewood (INE, 2005; Troncoso et al., 2007).

Published in Mexico, 2012-2017 © D.R. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).
PROBLEMAS DEL DESARROLLO. REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE ECONOMÍA, Volume 48, Number 191, October-December 2017 is a quarterly publication by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México, D.F. by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Circuito Mario de la Cueva, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán,
CP 04510, México, D.F. Tel (52 55) 56 23 01 05 and (52 55) 56 24 23 39, fax (52 55) 56 23 00 97, www.probdes.iiec.unam.mx, revprode@unam.mx. Journal Editor: Alicia Girón González. Reservation of rights to exclusive use of the title: 04-2012-070613560300-203, ISSN: pending. Person responsible for the latest update of this issue: Minerva García, Circuito Maestro Mario de la Cueva s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México D.F., latest update: Nov 13th, 2017.
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The online journal Problemas del Desarrollo. Revista Latinoamericana de Economía corresponds to the printed edition of the same title with ISSN 0301-7036