Volume 43, Number 171,
October-December 2012
Maquiladora Factories and Household
Income in Yucatan
Javier Becerril, Rafael Ortiz and Lilian Albornoz
Evaluation of the Impacts on Individual Income

Once the Propensity Score or the dichotomic regression model has been done using logistic regression, we proceed to a non-factorial analysis using the nnm and kbm algorithms, whose results are reported in Table 9.

The impact on total annual income of residents that work for an mei in the chah territory is proof of the benefits that the industry has on direct income for residents. Thus there is a clear difference that ranges from mx$8,419.08 to mx$9,448.81 pesos from working in any other sector.

The findings reported here coincide with empirical evidence from Castilla and Torres (2009): the incorporation of rural and indigenous Maya women into the labor market, who generally live in zones isolated by poverty and lacking sources of employment due to a long and profound agricultural crisis. Salaried employment in these maquiladoras gives them Christmas bonuses, paid vacation utilities, access to social security for their families and other benefits (bonuses for productivity, attendance and punctuality) that they would not otherwise have access to, as other sources of employment are mainly informal in the territory. All of this helps the household economy in the chah. As Castilla and Torres (2010) also write, “The mei had an important contribution to creating fairly acceptable formal employment, in terms of decent work from the International Labor Organization.”

The economic spillover is clear, as the residents that work for an mei have an average monthly income of mx$744 pesos higher than those that work in other activities. Moreover, this is net income, as they work in their own locality or in a location very close to their place of origin or residence, saving on travel expenses (Albornoz et al., 2000). Another advantage of working in a maquiladora is that part of the income obtained by these employees is spent on goods and services within the locality, which leads to a multiplicative effect on the chah economy.

In this way we can conclude that mei employees provide an important source of income for their families and for the territory. These monetary resources are net, and together with the benefits, encourage part of the population to work in this area of productive activity, and may help alleviate the precarious economic conditions of households in the old Henequenera region.

Published in Mexico, 2012-2017 © D.R. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).
PROBLEMAS DEL DESARROLLO. REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE ECONOMÍA, Volume 49, Number 192, January-March is a quarterly publication by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México, D.F. by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Circuito Mario de la Cueva, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán,
CP 04510, México, D.F. Tel (52 55) 56 23 01 05 and (52 55) 56 24 23 39, fax (52 55) 56 23 00 97, www.probdes.iiec.unam.mx, revprode@unam.mx. Journal Editor: Alicia Girón González. Reservation of rights to exclusive use of the title: 04-2012-070613560300-203, ISSN: pending. Person responsible for the latest update of this issue: Minerva García, Circuito Maestro Mario de la Cueva s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México D.F., latest update: Feb 23th, 2018.
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