Volume 43, Number 171,
October-December 2012
Maquiladora Factories and Household
Income in Yucatan
Javier Becerril, Rafael Ortiz and Lilian Albornoz
IMPACT ANALYSIS ( ...continuation )

Another significant variable, which is also in keeping with economic theory, is the size of the household (aefsize): when there are more family members there is reduced possibility that one of them is working as a salaried employee, as there is more human capital and family labor to carry out activities.

Although it is not significant, the positive sign of the coefficient for the federal governmental program Oportunidades (oportuni) is in keeping with findings from Yúnez et al. (2011), where an increase in education for children and youth as a result of the program promotes their interest in working in non-agricultural salaried activities. The expected values are found with negative signs in the same direction for the Procampo (procampo), Seguro Popular (spropu) and “Setenta y más” (más) programs, none of them statistically significant. In this same line of arguments, the variable of proportion of household income coming from productive or social public policy programs (shareppp) had the expected sign, although it was not significant, and may suggest that greater income reduces the probability of working for an mei.

The positive coefficient of employment locally (ocuplocal), although not significant, coincides with work from Castilla and Torres (2009) and their studies of various agricultural zones in the Yucatán, by mentioning that the rural deployment of the mei constitutes a systematic opportunity for women of all rural localities, who can integrate into the labor market without having to go far away from home. In this same sense, Yúnez et al. (2011) affirm that low emigration in the chah is not common in rural Mexico, indicating that this territory and region has alternative sources of income in comparison to those in other labor markets in urban Mexico or in the usa.

Related to only cooking with gas (onlygas), the positive and significant sign indicates that households with greater well-being may be a cause-effect of working at the mei. This result can be strengthened by what Ortiz (2009) found, showing that in Yucatán, using gas is related to better living conditions derived from working in sectors other than the primary one or working in better-paid activities.

The variable Business and Services (comserv) had the expected sign and was statistically significant, which suggests that if the household and its members have some economic activity oriented towards a business (store, pharmacy, for example) or providing a service (bicycle taxis, outside taxis, for example), the probability of working at a maquiladora is greatly reduced.

Published in Mexico, 2012-2017 © D.R. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).
PROBLEMAS DEL DESARROLLO. REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE ECONOMÍA, Volume 49, Number 192, January-March is a quarterly publication by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México, D.F. by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Circuito Mario de la Cueva, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán,
CP 04510, México, D.F. Tel (52 55) 56 23 01 05 and (52 55) 56 24 23 39, fax (52 55) 56 23 00 97, www.probdes.iiec.unam.mx, revprode@unam.mx. Journal Editor: Alicia Girón González. Reservation of rights to exclusive use of the title: 04-2012-070613560300-203, ISSN: pending. Person responsible for the latest update of this issue: Minerva García, Circuito Maestro Mario de la Cueva s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México D.F., latest update: Feb 23th, 2018.
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