Volume 43, Number 168,
January-March 2012
Interstate Tourism Development
between Puerto Vallarta and Bahía de Banderas: Mexico
Marco A. Merchand Rojas*
Date submitted: February 8, 2011. Date accepted: August 24, 2011

Abstract

The aim of this study is to show that the consolidation of capital located in the coastal region of both municipalities promotes complementarity and compatibility between the market economy (exclusive micro-business interests) and the policy of territorial ordering1 (creation of Integrally Planned Centers -ipcs) which the State implements to consolidate tourism capital in the region. It is by associating foreign capital with territorial policies promoted by the State that tourism activity is sustained and takes the form of a prototype economic enclave, as the ipcs respond to a tourism development policy promoted by the federal and local states, in the expectation that these capitals will generate "virtuous circles of economic development."

Keywords: Region, State, tourism, Puerto Vallarta.
INTRODUCTION

For the purposes of this study, there is no single concept of a region. Rather, the concept of a region is subject to the researcher's theoretical approach, the specific issue in question, and as such, the chosen research methodology. (Merchand, M., 2007)

It is important to begin by saying that the definition of a region has been the subject of an ongoing debate between disciplines and epistemological fields. Due to limited space, this is not the proper forum for controversial arguments concerning the economic meaning of a region. Thus, if a region is considered as a heuristic concept, and its conceptualization must arise from a cognizant subject, the practical definition of a region will be based on the interrelation of four factors: multinational companies2, the national State, the local (or state) State, and world economic dynamics. (See Figure 1.)



* Research Professor at the University of Guadalajara. Email: merchandrojas@yahoo.com

1 Territorial Ordering (TO) is conceived as a planning process and strategy of a techno-political nature. Its aim is to develop the long term organization of land use and occupancy according to its potential and limitations, the expectations and aspirations of the population and sectorial development objectives (economic, social, urban-regional and ecological.)

2 There is a clear correlation between multinational companies' interest in strengthening their tourism holdings and that of the national States that create favorable conditions for the development of holdings related to leisure activities. At the very least, the mission or commitment of the national (or state) State is to promote a fertile space for a competitive international tourism sector.

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Published in Mexico, 2012-2018 © D.R. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).
PROBLEMAS DEL DESARROLLO. REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE ECONOMÍA, Volume 49, Number 194 July-September 2018 is a quarterly publication by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, CP 04510, México, D.F. by Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Circuito Mario de la Cueva, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán,
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